FIRST READING (Exodus 16.2-4, 12-15, 31a)
The whole congregation of the children of Israel complained against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness. The children of Israel said to them, “If only we had died by the hand of the Lord in the land of Egypt, when we sat by the fleshpots and ate our fill of bread; for you have brought us out into this wilderness to kill this whole assembly with hunger.”
Then the Lord said to Moses, “I am going to rain bread from heaven for you, and each day the people shall go out and gather enough for that day. In that way I will test them, whether they will follow my instruction or not.
“I have heard the complaining of the children of Israel; say to them, ‘At twilight you shall eat meat, and in the morning you shall have your fill of bread; then you shall know that I am the Lord your God.’”
In the evening quails came up and covered the camp; and in the morning there was a layer of dew around the camp. When the layer of dew lifted, there on the surface of the wilderness was a fine flaky substance, as fine as frost on the ground.
When the children of Israel saw it, they said to one another, “What is it?” For they did not know what it was. Moses said to them, “It is the bread that the Lord has given you to eat.”
The house of Israel called it manna.
RESPONSORIAL PSALM (Psalm 78)
R. The Lord gave them the bread of heaven.
Things that we have heard and known, that our ancestors have told us, we will not hide; we will tell to the coming generation the glorious deeds of the Lord, and his might, and the wonders that he has done. R.
He commanded the skies above, and opened the doors of heaven; he rained down on them manna to eat, and gave them the bread of heaven. R.
Man ate of the bread of Angels; he sent them food in abundance. And he brought them to his holy hill, to the mountain that his right hand had won. R.